Biometric access control is one of the most popular types of security systems on the market, and for good reason: it combines security and convenience in a way that no other access control system can.Access control refers to the management of an access point, such as a door, turnstile, elevator, etc. so as to only allow entry to authorized users. While access control systems can be used for virtually any access point that uses an electronic lock mechanism, doors are the most common applications for access control.
The main benefits of using biometrics for access control are security, convenience, and reduced costs.
Since biometrics use a person’s unique biology to verify their identity, it is extremely difficult for them to be taken or used by anyone other than the intended user.Traditional access tokens such as keycards can be easily spoofed using a simple $50 keycard duplicator available on Ebay.
Biometric access control systems are remarkably convenient in that they allow authorized users to access the facility without needing anything other than themselves.Unlike traditional access tokens which can be lost, or passwords which can be forgotten, your biometric code is always with you, so you'll always have it when you need it.
Biometric access control systems can save companies money by reducing the need for dedicated security staff to man access points. According to Salary Expert, The average salary for a gate guard in the US is about $32,000 a year. Add this to the fact that multiple guards are needed for different shifts, and the cost of employing guards to man access points becomes significantly high.
Traditional access systems have a critical vulnerability: objects and data can be shared or stolen, allowing someone other than the intended user to access the facility if they get a hold of them.This may or may not not be a big deal depending on the level of security that is required.For example, many coffee shops use a keypad on the bathroom door with the passcode (usually just four digits) printed on the receipt so that visitors aren't able to simply enter, use the restroom, and leave without ordering anything.
Palm vein is a relatively new biometric that works by using infrared light to map the unique vein pattern of the palm. Unlike other biometrics, this pattern is internal to the body, which gives it several unique advantages that make it ideal for access control applications.
When most people think of "biometrics," fingerprint is probably the first thing that comes to mind.Fingerprint is an old, time-tested biometric. The ancient Chinese used fingerprints to authenticate government documents, and the Babylonians used fingerprints to sign written contracts.